Bunion pain is easily relieved, though more difficult to resolve. Bunions occur when the bones in your big toe misalign, causing the toe to change angles. The big toe turns in towards the second toe and can either rest over or under the smaller toe, putting excess pressure on the joint and pushing it past the regular shape of your foot. This injury tends to worsen as time goes on due to near constant pressure on your feet while you walk, and can even begin to sprout on your other foot. There are many causes to bunions. This issue is prevalent in people with flat feet or feet that roll inward and is easily relieved through various home methods.
Most cases of bunions occur in women. Take a look at your shoes. Do they have pointy toes that narrow dramatically from the rest of the shoe? Pointy shoes and high heels can trigger and intensify bunions. By wearing sensible shoes you can decrease risk of bunions, and lessen the pressure and exacerbation of existing ones. Leather shoes that allow you to wiggle your toes, ideally with square toes and wide, low heels are ideal for keeping your feet in good shape. Your toes will spend less time pushed against the shoe itself, which lessens the pressure on the bunion. If your shoes are roomy enough, you can cushion the bunion with gel pads on the inside of your shoe. It is recommended to avoid using medicated pads because some contain acid that harms your skin. Orthotics are another option. They can correct your stance and stabilize the joint in your toes to keep them from getting worse and are available to be custom made to your foot and maximize comfort.
For existing bunions, a long day on your feet can wreak havoc. For pain, you can apply ice wrapped in paper towels or cloth for up to 20 minutes at a time to relieve swelling and numb your toe for a short period of time. You can also take doctor-recommended doses of anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen or naproxen, available over the counter at any pharmacy. Take them as described by a doctor, because taking the wrong amount can lead to further issues. For severe pain, your doctor may recommend a cortisone shot to localize the relief. This is still considered a temporary solution because the inflammation will build up again after the shot wears off.
In order to determine the best course of treatment for your bunion pain, you should contact Ankle and Foot Specialist of New Jersey. We provide comprehensive foot care services to address any lower limb issues you may be facing, and also advise on best treatment plans for temporary relief and early course-correction. Give us a call at (908) 222-8980 or request an appointment with our South Plainfield office (right on the border with Edison) online today.